Shakespeare Powerpoint


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    Shakespeare Powerpoint - Presentation Transcript

    1. William Shakespeare's World To be, or not to be, that is the question... This above all, to thine own self be true...
    2. Queen Elizabeth I – ( 1558-1603 )
      • Ruled England for 45 years.
      • Nicknamed “the Virgin Queen”
      • and produced no heir to the throne
      • Restored Protestantism and formalized the
      • Church of England
      • During her reign, the economy was weakened by inflation, food shortages, and high rent.
      • Outbreak of the black plague, food riots, Catholic conspiracies, threats of invasion, etc.
      • During the Elizabethan Period , hundreds of people were convicted as witches and executed
    3. King James I – ( 1603-1628 )
      • Renamed Shakespeare’’s acting troupe “The King’s Men”
      • Believed in the supernatural and interested in witchcraft
      • Religious and believed in the existence of supernatural evil
      • Commissioned a translation of the bible from Latin to English
      • Published a book about witchcraft called “Demonologie“ in 1597
      • Witches and witchcraft were a morbid fascination
      • Between 1560-1603, hundreds of people (nearly all women) were convicted as witches and executed
      • Witches could predict the future, bring on daytime and nighttime, cause fogs and storms, and change into animals
      • If convicted, people would be subjected to torture and death by hanging or burning at the stake
      • King James I was fascinated by witchcraft
      • Signs of possession were: trance, change of appearance, inability to pray, visions, disturbed behavior, lack of fear, indifference to life, and invitations to evil spirits to possess one’s body.
      • Shakespeare’s audience were religious Christians who believed in heaven and hell
    4. The Plays
      • Early plays, 1590’s, were mainly comedy
        • Comedy (and this could be extended to most of Shakespeare's history plays as well)  is social--leading to a happy resolution (usually a marriage or marriages) and social unification. 
      • Shakespeare began to focus on tragedy/dramatic themes in the early 1600’s
        • Tragedy is individual, concentrating on the suffering of a single, remarkable hero--leading to individual torment, waste and death
        • 1608 marks a change in tone from tragedy to romance, light, magic, and reconciliation
    5. Comedies Comedy of Errors 1592 The Taming of the Shrew 1592-94 Love's Labor's Lost 1594-95 Two Gentlemen of Verona 1594-95 A Midsummer Night's Dream 1595-96 The Merchant of Venice 1596-97 Much Ado About Nothing 1598-99 As You Like It 1599-1600 Twelfth Night 1599-1600 Merry Wives of Windsor 1601-02 Troilus and Cressida 1601-02 All's Well That Ends Well 1602-03 Measure for Measure 1604-05
    6. Tragedies & Tragicomedies Titus Andronicus 1593-94 Romeo and Juliet 1594-95 Hamlet 1600-01 Othello 1604-05 The Tragedy of King Lear 1605-06 Macbeth 1605-06 Timon of Athens 1607-(?) Cymbeline 1609-10 The Winter's Tale 1610-11 Tempest 1611-12
    7. Henry VI parts I, II, III 1590-92 Richard III 1590-92 King John 1594-96 Richard II 1597-(?) King Henry IV part I, part II 1597-98 Henry V (1599) 1598-99 Julius Caesar 1599-1600 Henry VIII 1613-(?) Antony and Cleopatra 1606-07 Coriolanus 1607-08 Historical
    8. When in a play...
      • Only men were permitted to perform
      • Boys or effeminate men were used to play the women
      • Costumes were often the company’s most valuable asset
      • Costumes were made by the company, bought in London, or donated by courtiers
    9. Staging Areas
      • Stage --  platform that extended into the pit
      • Dressing & storage rooms in galleries behind & above stage
      • Second-level gallery & upper stage --  famous balcony scene in R & J
      • Trap door -  ghosts
      • “ Heavens”-  angelic beings
    10. English Theater
      • Plays were most often performed in outdoor theaters
      • Performances took place during the day so that the stage would be illuminated by natural light
    11. The Globe Theater
      • Built in 1599
      • The most magnificent theater in London
      • Shakespeare was 1/5 owner
      • He earned 10% of the total profit, approximately £ 200-250 a year
      • The Bard retired to Stratford and lived on the profits he earned from the Globe
      • June 19, 1613 the Globe burned to the ground during a performance of Henry VIII
    13. The Globe Theater –
      • Many of Shakespeare’s plays were performed here
      • The stage was a large, rectangle that jutted out into the yard
      • Held 2,000-3,000 people tightly packed
      • An open playhouse with a wooden structure three stories high
      • It was shaped like a 16 sided polygon
      • General admission = 1 Penny entitled a spectator to be a “groundling”-someone who could stand in the yard.
      • More expensive seats were in the roofed galleries and most expensive seats were chairs set right on the stage along its two sides
      • Rebuilt in 1900’s
      • Aristocrats
      • The Queen/King
      • The Groundlings!
    14. Actors
      • Only men and boys allowed onstage
      • Young boys whose voices had not changed play women’s roles
      • It would have been considered indecent for a woman to appear on stage
    15. Differences
      • No scenery
      • Settings > references in dialogue
      • Elaborate costumes
      • Plenty of props
      • Fast-paced, colorful>2 hours!
    16. Spectators
      • Wealthy got benches
      • “ Groundlings”>poorer people stood and watched from the courtyard (“pit”)
      • All but wealthy were
      • uneducated/illiterate
      • Much more interaction than today
    17. The Cost of a Show
      • 1 shilling to stand
      • 2 shillings to sit in the balcony
      • 1 shilling was 10% of their weekly income
      • Broadway Today:
        • $85 Orchestra
        • $60 Balcony
        • 10% of a teacher’s weekly salary
    18. The Man That Would Be Shakespeare
      • 1563-1616
      • Stratford-on-Avon, England
      • He wrote 37 plays &
      • 154 sonnets
      • He started out as an actor
    19. Background of the Bard
      • Born April, 1564 in Stratford on Avon
      • Parents John & Mary Shakespeare
      • Educated at Stratford Grammar School
      • Learned business as an apprentice for his father
      • Married Anne Hathaway November 28, 1582
        • She was 8 years his senior and 3 months pregnant when they married
    20. The Tragic Hero
      • Aristotle’s Definition of Tragedy
      • A man of high standard who falls from that high because of a tragic flaw that has affected many ”
      • ***Macbeth is one of the most famous examples of the tragic hero.
    21. Prose
      • Ordinary writing that is not poetry, drama, or song
      • Only characters in the lower social classes speak this way in Shakespeare’s plays
      • Why do you suppose that is?
    22. WHAT DID HE JUST SAY? Did people really talk this way? Prose - language without metrical structure Verse - poetic language and style Blank Verse :  unrhymed iambic pentameter. Iambic Pentameter :  five beats of alternating unstressed and stressed syllables; ten syllables per line. 'So fair / and foul / a day / I have / not seen '
    23. What just happened?
      • Shakespeare will be some of the most difficult reading you will ever attempt. BE PATIENT!
      • Middle English vs. Modern English
      • Reading Tips
      • Read the Introduction
      • Read everything twice
      • First time- try reading without looking at footnotes, mark any interesting or difficult items
      • 4. Try reading aloud
      • 5. Look up words you don’t know
      • 6. Keep a list of characters
      • Set in Scotland
      • Written for King James I (formerly of Scotland, now England)
      • Queen of Denmark (James’s sister) was visiting
      • Shakespeare researched The Chronicles –
      • Banquo is an ancestor of King James I
      Macbeth The tragedy of
    24. The Curse!
    25. “ The Scottish Play”
      • It is believed to be bad luck to even squeak the word ‘ Macbeth ’ in a theatre
      • Legend has it you will lose all your friends involved in the production—horribly.
      • Since 1606, hundreds of actors, stage crew, etc. have been hurt or have died during the production of this play.
      • It is believed that Shakespeare included black magic spells in the incantations of the weird sisters.
      • People refer to this play as “the Scottish Play”
      • The only remedy to get rid of this curse is that the offender must step outside, turn around three times, spit, and whisper a foul word, and wait for permission to re-enter the theater.

    + ksundbergksundberg, 8 months ago


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